Law firm raises constitutional concerns around Denver’s LoDo food truck ban


A law firm is demanding the city leaders lift the controversial ban on food trucks in Denver’s Lower Downtown nightlife district, arguing that the mobile food vendors actually make the neighborhood safer.

The firm’s lawyers say the ban is not only a bad policy but may also be unconstitutional.

The Institue for Justice, a Virginia-based, nonprofit law firm, sent a letter to Denver City Council members on Wednesday urging the “repeal” of the ban that bars food trucks from portions of Market, Blake and Larimer streets between 18th and 22nd streets on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights.

The letter also offers help. The firm is willing to work with Denver leaders to revise city rules in ways that “improve public safety, increase consumer choice, and expand economic opportunity.”

“IJ has sued numerous jurisdictions whose laws have impermissibly restricted vendors’ right to economic liberty as
guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution and the respective state constitutions,” reads the letter, authored by attorney Justin Pearson. “IJ also has a long history of working with state and local officials to craft vending laws that ensure the public’s health and safety while maximizing opportunities for vendors and consumers alike.”

The prohibition on trucks selling tacos, gyros and other food in one of the city’s busiest nightlife epicenters began in late July. Announced by the Denver Police Department and the city’s Department of Transportation and Infrastructure, the rationale behind the ban is that food trucks slow down crowds from dispersing when bars close and people bunching up around them heightens the possibility of violence in an area that has seen at least four shootings this year.

The policy was announced two weeks after Denver police shot a man outside the Larimer Beer Hall, 2012 Larimer St., after he got in an altercation with another patron in front of the bar. The man, who survived and was arrested, was carrying a gun when officers confronted him. Police also wounded six bystanders in the incident.

Denver officials say the food truck policy was under consideration before that shooting took place. In a statement earlier this month, Denver police spokesman Jay Casillas said the department felt the ban would make everyone in LoDo safer including the food truck operators.

The Institute for Justice has filed and won lawsuits around food truck and street vendor regulations before. Those cases have been primarily focused on fighting rules dictating where mobile food sellers could operate relative to existing brick-and-mortar restaurants.

The firm’s lawyers argue the Denver ban “smacks of protectionism” because businesses with permanent storefronts aren’t subject to the same rules. The letter also points to previous Institute for Justice research that indicates food trucks enhance public safety by making streets more inviting and providing more eyes and ears.

“None of the bystanders in LoDo were hit by a flying spatula. That’s not what happened,” Pearson said Thursday. “It makes no sense to punish food truck owners because the city government is ashamed of its own mistakes. If you’re worried about crime, the last thing you want to do is get rid of food trucks.”

While the policy was the work of the police and the city’s transportation department, Pearson said his firm sent the letter to the council because council members have the power to overturn it.

The letter lays out arguments as to why the policy may be viewed as unconstitutional including potential violations of equal protection guarantees.

The letter is not an ultimatum, Pearson said. The firm is waiting to see how the city reacts. But “if we were to file a case against Denver, I would like our chances,” he said.


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